Daily Archives: September 27, 2011

Preparation of Single Malt Scotch Whisky

Single Malt Scotch is a type of single malt whisky, distilled by a single distillery, using malted barley as the only grain ingredient in Scotland. As with any Scotch whisky, a Single Malt Scotch must be distilled in Scotland and matured in oak casks in Scotland for at least three years.

Water is needed in all stages of the production of whisky. It is mixed with the barley to promote germination, it is added to ground barley grist to create a mash and it is required for diluting most whisky before maturation and once again before bottling.

Barley, water and yeast are the exclusive ingredients required in the production of single malt Scotch.

The barley used to make the whisky is “malted” by soaking the grain in water for 2-3 days and then allowing it to germinate to produce the necessary enzymes required.

The malt is milled into coarse flour, and mixed with hot water to activate the enzymes, which leads to conversion of starches to fermentable sugars. Long starch chains are broken into glucose, maltriose, and maltose, which can be fermented by yeast.

The extraction is carried out in a large kettle called a mash tun. At first, the hot water activates the enzymes by providing an optimal temperature for activity in the grist. The enzymes act on the starch to convert it into sugar, and in the process it produces a sugary liquid, known as wort.

Yeast is then added to the wort for fermentation, in a large vessel called a washback. Washbacks are commonly made of Oregon Pine or stainless steel. The yeast feeds on the sugars and as a by-product produces both carbon dioxide and alcohol; this process is called fermentation and can take up to three days to complete. When the process is complete, the liquid contains an alcohol percentage of 5% to 7% by volume, and is now known as wash.

To be called a single malt Scotch, a bottle may only contain whisky distilled from malted barley produced at a single distillery. If the bottle is the product of single malt whiskies produced at more than one distillery, the whisky is called a vatted malt, or a blended malt. If the single malt is mixed with grain whisky, the result is a blended Scotch whisky.

The age mentioned on a bottle of single malt Scotch is the age of the youngest malt in the mix, as commonly the whiskies of several years are mixed together in a vat to create a more consistent drink.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/wines-and-spirits-articles/preparation-of-single-malt-scotch-whisky-370375.html

About the Author

Single Malt was created by a small group of whisky afficinados. It started out as a ‘Whisky club’ where lovers of single malts got together and made small talk over a malt. For more further information about Scotch please www.whiskycircle.com.

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Whisky-water of Life

Introduction to whisky: The delicate blend of whisky gives it a perfect flavor to enjoy at its best. Whisky falls under the broad category of alcoholic beverages. Malting and mashing at the first stage make whisky and then the fermented mashes is distilled and are kept in wooden casks to engender its actual tang.

Whisky can be made from different types of grains that include malted rye, wheat, maize, barley and malted barley. Whisky is derived from the Gaelic word for water. In Ireland (1495) the first record of whisky was found. Which was believed to be distilled by the monks.

Whisky types: Whiskies are mainly produced in the grain growing areas of the world. Whiskies differ in alcoholic content and quality.

Scotch whisky: Scotch is a whisky that is generally distilled for 2-3 times and should be matured for at least 3 years in the oak cask. The age is decided between distillations and bottling.

From malt barley malt whisky is made and are disttled in an onion-shaped pot still.

Blended malt whisky or vatted whisky is amalgamated from different distilleries. Vatted malt is usually termed “pure malt” or simply “malt”.

Single malt whiskies are distilled once, unless it is termed “single cask”. It contains whisky from different casks so the blender can achieve a recognizable taste as typical of the distillery.

Amalgamation of Malt and grain whisky makes blended whisky, which are much cheaper than any other whisky.

Irish whisky: Irish whiskies are distilled three times and should be kept in casket for at least 3 years. The common types of whiskies in Ireland are single malt, single grain, pure pot still and blended whisky.

Japanese whisky: Japanese whiskies have also originated from the scotch tradition. These whiskies are made in scotch style but not produced in Scotland.

Canadian whisky: Canadian whiskies are generally multi-grained whiskies, which are much smoother and lighter than any other whisky style. These types of whiskies are termed as “rye whisky” in Canada.

American whisky: There are two different types American whisky. Mainly straight and blend. These whiskies are kept in the oak casks for at least 2 years. The most common types of American whiskies are bourbon, Rye and com. Bourbon has 51% of maize content. Rye has 51% rye content and com has 80%

Maize in it.

Indian whiskies: Indian whiskies are the only whisky that is distilled from fermented molasses. But other than Indian sub-continent it will be considered as rum. India has begun to distill whisky from malts and grains.

Services offered by whisky circle:We at www.whiskycircle.com offer you a arena of services in the cyber-space. This is a only website that offers you service of a virtual bar. Different blends of whiskies are discussed in our service called “your blends”.and above all we have a personalised whisky lounge for our exquisite members. So come and experience the difference only at www.whiskycircle.com.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/wines-and-spirits-articles/whiskywater-of-life-379502.html

About the Author

Whisky was created by a small group of whisky afficinados. It started out as a ‘Whisky club’ where lovers of single malts got together and made small talk over a malt. For more further information about Scotch please www.whiskycircle.com.