Daily Archives: August 29, 2011

SummerFest 2011 highlights – Sudbury News

Sudbury – Steve Earle and the Dukes, Lighthouse and April Wine rocked Bell Park at SummerFest Aug. 27.

Source: YouTube

我們會把 15~64 歲的人口,定義作為工作年齡人口

一般來說,我們會把 15~64 歲的人口,定義作為工作年齡人口,而這個人口佔國家總人口的比例,就會是決定這個國家的經濟發展到底是負擔沉重呢還是前途光明

想要更了解人口對於經濟成長的影響,Miula Business Review 推薦一定要看以下兩篇文章 (實際上甚至可以把這篇文章當做該兩篇文章的續集來看) –

從人口看經濟發展(日本篇)
從人口看經濟發展(2015全球大危機篇)

 

以下這張圖,是經建會依據目前台灣人口出生率,死亡率,以及移民數量做出來的 50 年推測。
tw_popu

不看還好,一看就令人驚心了。台灣目前的工作年齡人口,還在相當健康的 73%,但是預估在數年之後即將開始呈現穩定的下滑,到 2040 年會降到 57%,到 2056 年會降到 52%。而根據我們對於人口紅利的了解,一旦此數字呈現衰退,經濟是很難變好的,也就是說,雖然未來五到七年內,台灣還不需要擔心工作年齡人口比例降低的問題,但是大概到了 2015~17 年時,台灣的工作年齡人口對總人口比將會開始進入穩定下滑,而在 2025 年後開始進入劇烈下滑,而這樣的人口結構趨勢,勢必會造成經濟成長的重大影響,負面的。
tw_popu2

換一張更清楚的圖來看看,讓我們更仔細的看看各年的數字,我們可以發現,台灣的工作年齡人口比率,會持續成長到 2012 年,到達 74.0% 到達最高峰,之後開始緩步下滑,直到2016年後開始呈現明顯下滑趨勢。

用比較溫和的說法,是 2016 後,台灣因為人口結構的改變,使得經濟成長欠缺動能。比較激烈的說法,就是 2016 年後,台灣經濟有可能陷入泥沼,欲振乏力。

下面這一張表是內政部戶政司於 2010 5 19 日 發表的台灣人口數值。

2009 年人口五歲年齡組分統計》

五歲年齡組分 人口數 減少人口 減少率 人口累計
0~4 1,014,183     1,014,183
5~9 1,287,899     2,302,082
10~14 1,539,529     3,841,611
15~19 1,612,140     5,453,751
20~24 1,616,155     7,069,906
25~29 1,972,704     9,042,610
30~34 1,949,382     10,991,992
35~39 1,814,291     12,865,306
40~44 1,873,314     14,738,620
45~49 1,900,661     16,639,281
50~54 1,735,813 164,848 9 % 18,375,094
55~59 1,460,034 275,779 19 % 19,835,128
60~64 872,403 587,631 40 % 20,422,759
65~69 763,297     21,186,056
70~74 618,529     21,804,585
75~79 495,463     22,300,048
80~84 340,252     22,640,300
85~89 153,221     23,093,521
90~94 46,484     23,140,005
95~99 10,751     23,150,756
100 以上 1,937     23,152,693

 

※看表可知,台灣人口數自 50 起開始下降。

五歲年齡組分 人口數 減少人口 減少率
45~49 1,900,661    
50~54 1,735,813 164,848 9 %
55~59 1,460,034 275,779 19 %
60~64 872,403 587,631 40 %

50 54 歲年齡組:比上一年齡組,下降一坡,下降率是 9%!
55
59 歲年齡組:再比上一年齡組,下降一坡,下降率是 19%

60
64 !  歲年齡組:比上一年齡組,有很明顯的下降,下降率是 40%

49
歲止的人口是 1,900,661 人,

64
歲止的人口是 872,403 人,

15 年之間 1,028,258 人不見了, 54% 的人口哪裡去了?


 

Fabulous Spanish Wines By An Online Wine Merchant From Norwich

Each year, fantastic wines leave Spain to travel around the world and are enjoyed by many. Spain is the third largest wine producing country in the world after France and Italy. Exportation has nearly doubled in the last five years partly due to the change in society in Spain after the death of dictator, Fransisco Franco in 1975, and strict quality control measures being put in place. These quality measures have helped put Spanish wines up there with wines produced from France and Italy.

There are nearly 70 wine regions throughout Spain growing 600 different grapes. One of the most famous Spanish wines are those of the Rioja region in northern Spain. Although it is said that wines from the Navarra region may well over take Riojas as the favourite as they are similar in quality but are more accessible in price.

When most people think of Spanish wines, they immediately think of Cava. They originated from the Catalonia region of Spain, although the name Cava wasn’t coined until the 70’s, and they are made in the same way as Champagnes from France. To tell if your Cava is authentic, check the cork which should boast a four pointed star.

Spain is also famous for its many vineyards open to the public. Wine tasting holidays are a great way to sample the delights of a range of new wines in a beautiful setting. There are 1200 vineyards in the Rioja region of Spain alone that are great to visit.

The Priorat region in Catalonia has changed from being almost unknown to producing some of the most expensive and sought after wines in Spain. They have become so popular mainly due to the power and ripeness of the grapes giving a very distinctive taste.

As time goes on, I am excited to see what other wines emerge from Spain, adding to our palates and introducing us to new flavours. In the meantime, why not be brave and ask for different wines in restaurants and bars. Most will be happy to recommend new and different wines to you. Why not see which Spanish wines suit your palate the best?

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/wines-and-spirits-articles/fabulous-spanish-wines-by-an-online-wine-merchant-from-norwich-4422163.html

About the Author

The Perfect Wine is an independent online wine merchant based in Norwich, delivering to customers across the UK. Our wines come from excellent independent vineyards within 1,000 miles of Norwich and range in price from £5 to £15 (excluding Champagnes). As a small online wine merchant, we care about our clients and are happy to give advice about new wines to try. For local clients we can run wine tasting events, allowing you to trial wines before placing your order. For delicious wines at affordable prices, head to our website. Wine Merchant Norwich

全台40歲以下勞工薪資水準 竟與14年前持平 / 年薪破百萬是許多上班族的目標,但全台只有8%的人達成

財經中心/綜合報導

你是否老是在想,為何薪水永遠不夠用,或是即使能調薪,幅度也是少的可憐?如果你還未滿40歲的話,那一項主計處的最新調查,或許能夠替你解開謎團。因為據調查結果顯示,全台未滿40歲的青年勞工,在2010年的年平均所得,竟然相當於14年前的數據;更誇張的是,近15年來,青年勞工的年平均所得,只微幅增加了2萬元。

主計處的這項調查,顯示2010年,全台灣共有將近460萬的未滿40歲青年勞工,而他們的年平均收入為53萬9千4百78元。儘管這個薪資數字比2009年的統計要高,但是根據《聯合報》報導,有官員指出,那是因為在2008年金融海嘯時,接連2年的全國民眾年平均所得都下降,一直到去年才開始略有回升,但幅度其實也很有限。

而這樣的薪資水準,加上台灣相當普遍的「責任制」,也讓青年勞工苦不堪言,甚至極有可能是造成他們被稱為「草莓族」的主因。一名28歲的邱先生,剛辭掉他的第一份工作,原因是從事會展產業的他,底薪僅1萬元,其餘的部分都得靠佣金,即使年收入可以逼近60萬元,但卻是用每天上班12小時換來的。他直言身邊很多人都對薪資和工時的不成比例感到不滿,甚至因此不敢結婚生子。

原文網址: 全台40歲以下勞工薪資水準 竟與14年前持平 | 財經新聞 | NOWnews 今日新聞網 http://www.nownews.com/2011/08/28/320-2738544.htm#ixzz1WNZbiIdY

 

年薪破百萬是許多上班族的目標,但全台只有8%的人達成。

 

依據主計處最新公布「家庭收支調查」,台灣有收入的工作人口中,一年薪資、獎金、外快、投資等所得相加,中位數大約在台幣四十萬,只有前8%年薪破百萬。領超過兩百萬的人是前1%的鳳毛麟角,大約只有十二萬人。

男女年薪在四十萬以前差距不大,但可以年領超過四十萬元的男性有四五八萬人,足足比女性的兩百萬人多一倍。(賴建宇)